Diabetes, often referred to by doctors as diabetes mellitus, is a long term condition that causes high blood sugar levels i.e., it is a condition that prevents the body from properly using energy from food. It occurs when the pancreas does not produce insulin, or when the pancreas produces insulin, but it is resisted by the body.
Although diabetes is a commonly used term, most people don’t know exactly what diabetes is. Food when eaten, it is broken down into glucose or sugar. Though many health experts insist on not having too much sugar in the diet, some amount of glucoses is required to help regulate the metabolism and give energy. During digestion, glucose moves through the body through the bloodstream to feed the cells. To be able to transfer the Blood sugar into the cells, the body needs insulin, which is made by the Pancreas and released into the bloodstream. The problem happens when there is too much blood sugar in the body compared to the amount of insulin that the pancreas is providing. If the body is not making enough insulin to keep up with the amount of sugar in the bloodstream, or if the body is having trouble making insulin, the glucose in the blood remains there and causes blood sugar levels to elevate which may lead to diabetes.