A stroke is a “brain attack”. It can happen to anyone at any time. It occurs when blood flow to an area of brain is cut off. When this happens, brain cells are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. When brain cells die during a stroke, abilities controlled by that area of the brain such as memory and muscle control are lost.
How a person is affected by their stroke depends on where the stroke occurs in the brain and how much the brain is damaged. For example, someone who had a small stroke may only have minor problems such as temporary weakness of an arm or leg. People who have larger strokes may be permanently paralyzed on one side of their body or lose their ability to speak.
• Stroke is easily preventable; we have a long way to go, as it remains one of the leading and alarming causes of death worldwide.
• Today stroke is the Number 2 cause of death in both developed and developing countries of the world, and the leading cause of adult disability in the world.
• Every year in this country alone nearly 16 lakh people suffer from strokes, of which at least 1/3 are affected by some form of deformity.
• It is also a major cause for loss of life, limbs and speech in India.
• Experts say that almost 80% stroke cases in the world would occur in low and middle income countries mainly India and China.
Stroke is easily preventable; we have a long way to go, as it remains one of the leading and alarming causes of death worldwide.